eg. How do you approach an STD test with a new partner?

Condoms Prevent STDs and Pregnancy

Published on May 16th, 2017

Condoms are barriers that prevent semen from entering the vagina, mouth, or rectum. They can be used to prevent STDs as well as pregnancy.

While there are both male and female condoms, they should not be used at the same time as they can stick together, causing tears or for the condoms to come loose. Male condoms are more commonly used than female ones.

Condom Facts

  1. Condoms are made of latex, plastic, or lambskin. Some people prefer plastic condoms if they have a sensitivity to latex. Lambskin condoms are made from the intestines of lambs, and while they prevent pregnancy, they are porous and thus do not prevent the transmission of STDs.
  2. Condoms often are lubricated to prevent irritation during sex. You can also purchase lubricant. Be sure to purchase a water-based lubricant as petroleum-based ones can damage condoms.
  3. Spermicide can also aid in the prevention of pregnancy. Spermicide kills sperm and can be used with a condom. However, some spermicides can irritate the genitals, which can increase the risk of transmission of STDs, such as HIV.
  4. Condoms can come with ribbing or other textures to help increase the pleasure of both partners. Ribbing and textured condoms might not be for everyone, but if you find condoms decrease your pleasure, they may be worth checking out. Be sure that the package indicates that the condoms prevent the transmission of STDs and pregnancy as some novelty condoms are not approved by the FDA.

Condom Effectiveness

When used correctly and consistently, condoms are very effective at preventing the transmission of STDS and pregnancy. According to the CDC, the condom, when used alone, can result in 18 pregnancies per 100 women. Using a condom in conjunction with another form of contraception, such as the pill, can lower the risk of pregnancy even more.

Condoms have been proven to be very effective barriers to preventing the transmission of STDs as the bacteria and viruses that cause STDs cannot pass through latex or plastic.

Condom Use

Condoms are most effective when used properly and consistently:

  1. Don’t tear the condom when removing it from its package.
  2. Do not use condoms that are expired, dry, or cracked.
  3. Put the condom on an erect penis before genital contact.
  4. Leave the condom on the entire time during intercourse.

Back to STD Knowledge Base

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